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Research has suggested that heart disease and oral health can be linked in two different ways: gum illness can contribute to heart disease, and, oral symptoms can indicate heart problems, so it’s better to seek professional advice from the dental expert on bleeding gums treatment before it leads to the serious problem.

Signs and symptoms of gum disease

bleeding gum

Tender, swollen and red gums

Mouth sores

Receding Gums

Persistent bad breath

Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing

Loose or separating teeth

Gum disease can contribute to heart disease

With the mouth being the gateway to our bodies, it has been suggested that gum disease can pose a risk for heart conditions. Medical studies have indicated that inflammation caused by gum disease and the bacteria associated with this condition can get into our bloodstreams after which they attach to our blood vessels, increasing the formation of blood clots. Blood clotting or thrombosis can result in decreased blood flow to the heart, leading to elevated blood pressure, which in turn causes an increased risk of a heart attack.

Gum and heart disease risk factors

While it’s a challenging task to establish whether gum disease causes heart disease and vice versa, the risk factors for these conditions are the same. These risk factors include:



Poor nutrition

Oral symptoms can indicate heart disease

gumsMedical research has indicated that over 90% of all systemic conditions, among which heart disease, present themselves through oral signs and symptoms. Additionally to this, examination by dental practitioners can help those with a history of heart disease by establishing any signs and symptoms of infection, inflammation or oral pain. This diagnostic technique and resultant dental treatment methods of these oral conditions in patients with a history of heart disease have resulted in overall health improvement as well as a decreased need for medication for high blood pressure.

Prevention is the best cure

Although medical research indicates that there could be a link between gum disease and heart disease, these studies are still inconclusive and additional research needs to be done before the relationship between the two conditions can be confirmed. While it has also not been proven that treatment for one of the conditions will automatically help in the management of the other; it’s clear that impeccable oral hygiene, as well as regular dental checks, can improve oral health, which in turn has a positive impact on our general health. Things we can do to ensure optimal oral health:

Eat a healthy diet rich in vitamins A and C

Stop smoking

Brush teeth twice a day and brush along the gum line

Floss daily

Use a mouth rinse

Unfortunately, neither doctors nor dentists fully understand the link between the gum disease and heart attack, so while waiting for more research related to the impact of oral health on heart health, make sure you brush and floss. It’s a small price to pay for heart health if it does turn out that there’s a connection.

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