Thyroid Hormone and the Cardiovascular System
The thyroid heart disease in our neck produces hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine that let our cells know when to produce more or less. An over or underactive thyroid gland can be the cause of many major problems involving the heart.
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Thyroid conditions leading to a major heart disease An underactive thyroid is called hypothyroidism it is essentially the cause for producing little hormones. This may be a reason for the heart to beat slowly which in return is a cause for the cholesterol to increase thus liquids start to form around the heart which leads to a heart failure. This may also lead to subclinical hypothyroidism which causes changes in the purpose of blood vessels leading to the bigger risk of tightening arteries.
An overactive thyroid is called hyperthyroidism which produces more hormone than needed causing the heart to beat faster in this case. Which leads to heart palpitations or disorder heartbeats. As a result of the heart beating in a disorderly fashion, it causes the hearts atria to spasm instead of pumping gradually. This can cause blood clots and if a clot gets in the main bloodstream it can travel to the brain which can a brain stroke. Also, palpitation of the heart and the spasm can be the cause of a heart failure.
Heart and the Hypothyroidism can also cause hypertension, elevated cholesterol, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, hyper coagulated state and many more.
Heart and the Hyperthyroidism can also palpitations, atrial fibrillation, and intolerance to exercise, systolic hypertension, angina, peripheral edema and last congestive heart failure. As this thyroid heart disease is dangerous ever
There are some treatments for hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism by substituting the missing hormones which may help to reverse the process.
For hyperthyroidism and atrial fibrillation, the process is a little bit tricky where some drugs might have side effects and others will require to take pills for the rest of the life so the hormone imbalance can be stabilized.