Coronary artery disease, also referred to as CAD is a type of a heart disease disease where the buildup of materials called plaque or cholesterol in the inner walls of arteries that supply blood to the heart causes them to become hardened. This accumulation of materials is called atherosclerosis. The more it grows, the more it restricts the amount of blood that can be pumped through your arteries and this prevents oxygen from reaching your heart which can result in chest pains or even a heart attack.
If you have a cardiologist or a pathologist watching your health, contact them today in case you feel a chest pain as you might need urgent attention.
Symptoms of CAD
Fatigue or feeling extremely weak, dizziness, vomiting or nausea, heartburn or indigestion, anxiety, excessive sweating and heart rhythm being irregular and fast heart rate. In your chest, your upper abdomen, jaw, back and shoulders, you may also experience numbness, pain, pressure, tightness and discomfort.
The coronary artery disease prognosis
CAD has been a great contributor to many deaths of individuals all around the world. However, it can be managed by medication, change in a person’s lifestyle or even in some cases, surgery. The symptoms will be reduced and the performance of the heart greatly improved. You should avoid smoking especially if you recently had a heart attack is going to help you to prevent another heart attack from happening in the future. Doing various exercises as well as eating health food without excessive cholesterol also helps.
The medications that are given to CAD patients either widens their arteries or reduces their blood pressure. Patients are advised not to stop quit their medication all of a sudden without recommendation or advice from their doctor because this increases the risk of having a heart attack. Statins, antiplatelets, nitrates, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers are some of the types of medicine given to CAD patients in order to help them to manage their heart condition.